3D printed objects have been recently taking the world by storm. People are using 3D printing to create medical devices, toys, and even cars. But, did you know there are folks who have created 3D printed homes? A quick search around the internet will reveal amazing 3D printed homes that have been created recently.
There are a number of benefits to having a 3D printed home over a regular home. 3D printed homes are modular, created with predesigned parts that can be easily replicated.
Below, we will be covering the benefits of having a 3D printed home. We will also talk about some of the most amazing 3D printed homes we’ve seen on the market.
Benefits of 3D Printed Homes
There are a number of benefits to investing in a 3D printed home. 3D printed homes are created through the process of 3D printing. 3D printing is a process that minimizes the amount of waste created by using cheap, relatively affordable plastics and other materials. 3D printed homes have the following benefits:
- Short construction time
- Environmentally friendly
- Easy to design
3D printing is relatively inexpensive because of the materials that are used. Simple plastics are generally much cheaper than traditional construction material. The smaller the object you print, the cheaper the materials cost.
However, the more materials you need, the more expensive 3D printing can become. This is offset when building a 3D printed home, because the materials will usually be cheaper than buying brick or slate.
Another reason 3D printing homes can be relatively inexpensive, is because they can be constructed with minimal labor. For example, a home designed by New Story only needed between 2 to 4 workers to build one of their 3D printed homes. This number of workers is going to cost drastically less than a full collective of construction workers.
Short Construction Time
3D printing objects has the added benefit of being a relatively quick process. The previously mentioned home from New Story only takes around 1 day to build a home. 3D printed homes can be built so quickly because of the modularity and component-based nature of each design.
With 3D printing you already have each individual specification for how various components in what you are printing. You can modify each component, and adjust the entire body of what you are building. Mathematical precision allows for 3D printers to build 3D models accurately and with minimal error.
The further implications of short construction time are endless. Areas that have seen major crisis like earthquakes or hurricanes can be quickly rebuilt!
3D printing is definitely a more environmentally friendly way of constructing a home. You don’t need the fossil fuels that traditional home construction requires. Instead computers and 3D printers run on electricity and power. If one wanted they could use solar power, hydropower, or even wind power to help power a 3D printer.
3D printed homes could also take advantage of the large amount of waste that exists in oceans, dumps, and generally all around the world. Imagine if we could devise a way to transform all plastic waste into printer compatible material? We could help fully complete the cycle of recycling.
Easy to Design
At the end of the day, 3D printed homes are relatively easy to design. It is relatively easy to use a 3D modeling program to create the plans for a home. These programs make it easy to adhere to mathematical proportions that allow for balance and stability.
Another aspect of these homes being easy to design, is that they are also easy to customize. Editing a home in a 3D program like Maya is simple. All it really takes is an understanding of geometry, foundation and structure, and creativity. Maybe one day we could see a time where people can simply design their own homes without having to go to home designers.
5 Amazing 3D Printed Homes from Around the World
Below are the top 5 AMAZING 3D printed homes. If you would like to learn more about each one, follow the links provided or google the house name.
1. Urban Cabin by DUS Architects
The Urban Cabin is a 3D printed home designed by DUS Architects in 2016. This structure was built in Amsterdam, Netherlands as a research project. The research project focused on creating sustainable homes in an urban environment. The result is the Urban Cabin, a small cabin with 86 square feet floor space, and around 96 square feet of total inside room.
The cabin is a beautiful all black modularly designed cabin with a triangular outer texture. It looks like a home straight out of the future! This home also comes with a singular couch that can be converted into a bed.
2. Villa by HuaShang Tengda
The Villa, designed by HuaShang Tengda, is a 3D printed 4306 square foot villa that was printed out in real-time on the building site. The building process took around 45 days to complete. This villa is particulary amazing because it shows in real-time how construction workers work on 3D printed houses at the building site.
HuaShang separate themselves from other 3D home makers by following a different process. They first construct the frame of the building. Once the frame is constructed they continue by filling in the building with concrete that is 3D printed into a lacquered plaster. The process in total combines the following elements:
- Electronic ingredient formula system
- Concrete mixing system
- Transmission system
- 3D printing system
Other cool facts about this building include the fact that it can withstand an earthquake of up to 8 on the Richter scale. This would be an incredible building to erect after an earthquake for housing multiple families. Its earthquake ready 250mm thick walls can help protect against aftershocks!
3. Lewis Grand Hotel by Lewis Yakich
Lewis Yakich is material designer that helped build the Lewis Grand Hotel. This hotel is located in the Philippines and features 3D printed bedrooms, living rooms, and a Jacuzzi room.
What is most interesting about the Lewis Grand Hotel, is that volcanic ash was used to as 3D printing material. Volcanic ash is a sturdy material, so it actually assists in making the hotel itself sturdy.
What is probably more interesting thatn the fact that this hotel is made of 3D printed volcanic ash, is the disappearance of Lewis Yakich in 2015. After he went to make a deal with an investor, Yakich mysteriously vanished without a trace.
4. 3D Printed House by D-Shape Enterprises & Adam Kushner
Another large, beautiful 3D printed home is located in Upstate, New York. Developed from 2014 onward, this 2,400 square foot home is located in a New York forest! The structure includes a 3D printed rooms that are located on an outer ring.
On the inside of the structure there is a Jacuzzi that joins together the property. What is interesting about this property, is how the 3D printer is being customized to help build this home. The 3D printer prints building blocks that are 211 cubic feet.
5.Residential Home by Apis Cor
In December 2016, Apis Cor developed the first 3D printed residential home in Stupino, Russia. This home was made entirely by a 3D printer, with worker assisted construction. The 3D printer that helped create this home is similar to a tower crane. This design allowed the printer to create the inside, and outside of the home.
What is probably more incredible than how the house was constructed, is the exact configuration of the house. This home by Apis Cor includes the following components:
- 6 chambers
- Frost resistance up to -140 Fahrenheit
- Class 4 soundproofing
- Anti-break-in system
- Product life of more than 50 years.
This home is one of the most modular, complete homes we have seen to date. What’s more, the demo that Apis Cor put on shows working appliances like a Samsung T.V, fridge, and washer and dryer unity. What remains to be the most stunning facts about this 3D printed home, is the cost of the construction components used.
Apis Cor provides a detailed breakdown on the cost of the home. The following items represent that total cost of Apis Cor’s 3D printed home:
- Foundation: $277
- Walls: $1,624
- Floor and Roof: $2,434
- Wiring: $242
- Windows and Doors: $3,548
- Exterior Finishing: $831
- Interior Finishing: $1,178
- Total: $10,134
If more companies begin developing homes using Apis Cor’s method, we could see a rise in the number of 3D printed homes in existence around the world. Imagine affordable housing that was cheap to building, sustainable, and built to last.
3D Printed Houses are the Future
3D printed houses are definitely the wave when it comes to solving the sustainable housing crisis. 3D printed homes cost considerably less to make than their traditional counterparts. 3D printed homes can make use of a variety of materials including recycled plastics to make them environmentally friendly.
3D printed homes are also easy to construct, and have relatively short build times. There are many applications for 3D printed houses, and we are only just beginning to explore 3D printed homes for communities. It will be exciting to see where 3D printed homes are at in 5 years.